International Agreements On Environmental Management

1.84 NAFO manages 14 straddling fish stocks in the area outside the 200-mile Canadian border. CICTA collects data or establishes management measures for about 30 large migratory fish species in the Atlantic Ocean and its adjacent seas. The two organisations coordinate scientific research and provide assessments and advice on fisheries stock management on behalf of Member States. In addition, permitted catches and quotas, minimum fish sizes and other conservation measures are set. The Cartagena Biosecurity Protocol complements the Convention on Biological Diversity and provides an international legal framework for the safe, transfer and handling of modified living organisms (LVO), i.e. genetically modified organisms derived from biotechnology. The protocol came into force in January 2000 and was the first protocol of its kind (MoEF, 2018). The protocol was negotiated under the Convention on Biological Diversity and aims to protect against the benefits of modern biotechnology. As part of the Convention on Biological Diversity, India is a party to the Cartagena Protocol on the Prevention of Biotechnology Risks. This category and subcategory is intended to cover agreements relating to energy production, including nuclear energy. Nuclear-weapon-free zones; nuclear tests; nuclear accidents; Also included are radioactive waste, although the IAEA`s many nuclear safety agreements are included. Conflict agreements are excluded as non-environmental agreements, with the exception of those relating to bacteriological, chemical and toxin weapons.

The coding terms used for inclusion are identified here: 1.13 In Canada, Parliament and Canadians do not always have adequate information on the progress made under our agreements. In our 1998 report, Chapter 2, Working Globally – Canada`s International Environmental Commitments, we noted that Canada does not always have an overview of how it works in implementing its international environmental commitments. 1.76 The various information we examined do not provide sufficient guidance on the state of marine oil pollution. Transport Canada has also sought to gather information from the various marine pollution prevention programs, but has provided only limited evidence that it has analyzed the problem, assessed the effectiveness of existing prevention and surveillance programs, or clearly defined the expected environmental outcomes of these programs. 1.18 Despite the designation of a leading department for each international environmental agreement, there is no common mechanism for defining and formally delegating the competences of the responsible departments. The core role of feather administration is generally based on the mandate of the department and the responsibilities of the minister associated with it. Similarly, federal cabinet documents that authorize the negotiation and ratification of agreements (such as cabinet memorandums and decision files) can identify the lead division and, to some extent, describe its role. However, cabinet documents are not available to the public or members of Parliament by law and are therefore not sufficiently transparent for liability purposes.

CITES was signed in March 1973 to regulate the international trade in endangered wildlife species. India signed the agreement in July 1976 and the director, Wild Life Preservation is India at the CITES Management Authority (MoEF, 2018).